DO'S AND DON'TS FOLLOWING CASTRATION
Well, the Vet has been out to your farm, and your Stallion is now a Gelding. Soon he will be all healed up and thinking about nothing but how much feed he can stuff into his belly.
DON’T put him into a stall or small pen and just leave him stand there. DO exercise him each and every day to keep his incisions draining so that he doesn’t swell up near as bad in the sheath and scrotum. DON’T think he will move around enough on his own to help prevent him swelling. Do the following: Either round pen him or lunge him, about five minutes to the left, then five minutes to the right at a trot. Being forced to circle like this at a trot is the best method of keeping severe swelling under control. If he is a trained saddle horse, then go ahead and take him for a short ride every day with some trotting in circles.
DON’T wash the area, apply ointments or fly spray directly on the incisions as you may inadvertently cause more harm than helping. DO follow your Vet’s advice on weather to give antibiotics and for how long. DON’T put off calling the Vet back out to your farm, if the incisions close over preventing drainage, resulting in an increase of swelling, refusing to move around and/or going off his feed. DO keep your eye on him for up to three weeks, when he should be back to normal (no swelling and healed nicely). DON’T think that he instantly knows he isn’t a Stallion anymore. Horses from yearlings to two full years of age will take approximately 30 days to quit thinking they are put on God’s Green Earth for more than eating grass. Two year olds, slightly longer. And if a Stallion has been used for breeding purposes, expect a younger stallion to take up to ninety days to have a full and complete change of mind. A mature, older Stallion who has been used for several breeding seasons although now a gelding, may mentally remember he liked to squeal, prance and show off for the ladies and continue to do so. He will just be that much easier to discipline and control. Some older stallions, gelded later in life will still mount a mare and even breed her. DO remember that there will be no resulting foal from his shenanigans.
Colts gelded before their first birthdays have a lot less swelling and will not have developed near as much Stallion behavior to contend with. Many foals are now safely castrated at only a couple of weeks old. They grow into slightly taller horses, with slimmer necks and not as heavy in the jowls.